Chest pain - Ból w klatce piersiowej

Chest pain – Ból w klatce piersiowej

Doctor: Good afternoon, sir. How can I help you?
Patient: I’m short of breath and I’ve got chest pain for over an hour. It is not getting any better.
Doctor: Can you show me where the pain is located? Is it intense, dull or knifelike?
Patient: On the beginning, I’ve just felt a mild pressure, in the centre of the chest. But after a few minutes the pain became more intense and squeezing.

Otitis media - Zapalenie ucha środkowego

Otitis media – Zapalenie ucha środkowego

Patient’s mom: Good morning, doctor. Mike has had a high fever for 3 days. He can’t sleep and has become disinterested in the breast the past couple of days. What’s more, he keeps crying, especially during nights.
Doctor: How old is the baby?
Patient’s mom: He’s 7 months old.
Doctor: What is his temperature?
Patient’s mom: 39 degrees.
Doctor: Have you noticed anything else? For example, does he have a running nose?
Patient’s mom: Oh, yes, he does.
Doctor: Undress Mike, please. Can he sit up for his own?
Patient’s mom: Yes, he can.

Cystic fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis (also known as mucoviscidosis) is a recessive multi-system inherited chronic disease that affects about 70 000 children and adults worldwide. CF is most common among Caucasians. One in 25 Europeans carries one allele for CF. The disease is characterized by abnormal transport of chloride and sodium across epithelium, which leads to produce unusually thick, sticky mucus that clogs the lungs and leads to life-threatening lung infections. The mucus also obstructs the pancreas and stops natural enzymes from helping the body absorb food.



Rosacea is a very common, chronic condition that affects many people worldwide. Most people with rosacea are Causasians of mainly northwestern European descent, with fair skin. Rosacea is called the ‘curse of the Celts’ and affects both sexes, although it is almost three times more common in women. The onset of the disease usually occurs between the age of 30 and 60.
The main symptoms of rosacea include red or pink patches on the central face across the cheeks, nose, or forehead (less commonly neck, chest, ears, and scalp), visible tiny broken blood vessels, small red bumps, red cysts, and pink or irritated eyes. In some advanced cases, a red lobulated nose (rhinophyma) may develop



Gout is a condition that results from an overload of uric acid in the body. It is characterized by recurrent attacks of acute inflammatory arthritis. This overload of uric acid leads to the formation of tiny crystals of urate that are deposited in tissues of the body, especially the joints. When it involves the metatarsal-phalangeal joint at the base of the big toe (50% of cases), gout is known as podagra.

Infective conjunctivitis - Infekcyjne zapalenie spojówek (praktyczny angielski)

Infective conjunctivitis – Infekcyjne zapalenie spojówek (praktyczny angielski)

Patient: Good morning, doctor.
Doctor: Good morning, madam. What can I do for you?
Patient: I’ve got a problem with my eyes. I suppose I have a conjunctivitis.
Doctor: I can see your eyes are irritated. What other symptoms do you have?
Patient: My eyes are watering and itchy. Besides, I have a sticky coating on the eyelashes – especially when I first wake in the morning. I also feel as if there is grit in my eyes. They keep burning.
Doctor: How long have you had the problem?

Vaccination visit - Wizyta szczepienna

Vaccination visit – Wizyta szczepienna

Patient’s mom: According to vaccination schedule, Brian should get the second shot of the vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough.
Doctor: That’s right. He took the first dose of DTaP around seven weeks ago, didn’t he?
Patient’s mom: Yes, he did.
Doctor: What was his reaction to the vaccine? Did anything worrying happen within a few days after vaccination?
Patient’s mom: No, everything was just fine. I didn’t notice any alarming symptoms.
Doctor: Good. Undress him, please.
After examination

Glaucoma - jaskra (praktyczny angielski)

Glaucoma – jaskra (praktyczny angielski)

Glaucoma is an eye disorder in which damage to the optic nerve leads to progressive, irreversible vision loss. It causes complete blindness if untreated.

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide and is six to eight times more common in African-Americans. It is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by the slow degeneration of retinal ganglion cells and their axons. The
leading risk factor for the loss of the retinal ganglion cells and development of the optic nerve atrophy is the elevated intraocular pressure.

Rotavirus infections (praktyczny angielski)

Rotaviruses are a leading cause of severe diarrhea and dehydration among infants and young children. They cause the death of about 600 000 children worldwide annually. The rotavirus is highly contagious among children. It is transmitted by the faecal-oral and, possibly, respiratory route. Almost all kids have had a rotavirus infection by the age of five, but the most symptomatic episodes occur in children between the ages of 3 months and 2 years.

Baby colic

Baby colic

There is no perfect definition of baby colic (also known as infant colic), but it may be described as a condition in which an otherwise healthy baby cries or shrieks frequently without any distinguishable reason. A colicky baby is very hard to calm down. According to its medical definition, baby colic is diagnosed if the symptoms last more than three hours a day, more than three days a week, and for more than three weeks. Baby colic affects both breastfed and formula-fed babies; girls and boys. It is more common in babies born to women who smoked during or after pregnancy. What are the causes of baby colic?

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis (also known as ‘eczema’) is an inflammatory, pruritic, chronic skin disease. It is not contagious. This skin condition tends to run in fami­lies so there is no need to worry about catching it from someone. The skin of a patient with atopic dermatitis becomes dry, itchy, irritated, and may require special daily care.

Hypertension - Nadciśnienie

Hypertension – Nadciśnienie

Patient: Good afternoon, doctor.
Doctor: Good afternoon, madam. What brings you here?
Patient: I developed hypertension when pregnant with my daughter 10 months ago. I thought it had gone away after the birth, but I haven’t felt well recently.
Doctors: What symptoms have you had?
Patient: I have felt tired. I have also suffered from frequent headaches, dizziness, blurred vision, and I have experienced ringing in the ear and palpitation from time to time.


Conjunctivitis – How can I help you?… czyli angielski w aptece

Conjunctivitis is one of the most common nontraumatic eye complaints. The term refers to an acute inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is the outermost layer of the eye and covers the inner surface of the eyelids. The most common causes of conjunctivitis are allergic reactions and infections – viral or bacterial. Both bacterial and viral infections are contagious.
Symptoms common to all forms of conjunctivitis are: irritation, redness, and watering. The eyes may be sore, itchy, burning, and painful.

How can I help you?… czyli angielski w aptece – Cough

Cough is a kind of reflex stimulated by irritation of the respiratory mucosa in the lungs, the trachea or the pharynx. It is a protective mechanism which helps to clear the airways of contaminants.

A cough may be described as either productive (wet) or non-productive (dry). The duration of cough as well as the character of the sputum may be helpful in eliciting the possible cause of cough.

How can I help you?… czyli angielski w aptece – Pneumococcal infections

Streptococcus pneumoniae is also known as pneumococcus and is a significant anaerobic bacterium found in noses and throats of healthy people, children and adults. Currently there are about 90 known pneumococcal types. They are spread from person to person through respiratory droplets of coughts and sneezes (so called „droplet spread”).
Despite the name, pneumococci may cause not only pneumonia – the most common form of community-acquired bacterial form of this disease, but also other more or less serious infections. The bacterium is a common cause of mild illnesses, such as otitis media (middle ear infection) and sinusitis, but it is also known to invade the covering of brain (and cause meningitis) or bloodstream (and cause bacteremia).

First aid for burns

How can I help you?… czyli angielski w aptece – First aid for burns

Burns are a type of injury caused by thermal, chemical or electrical energy. They may also occur as a result of prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays of the sun, or to other sources of radiation such as X-ray. In order to ensure adequate care for the burn patient, you must first assess the degree of burns, which are classified based upon their depth.